Prompts are a teaching tool that we use in classrooms to increase the likelihood of our student responding correctly. They refer to subtle cues or directions that are provided to a child before or during an action or response in order to assist them at any given situation, event or learning process.

Following are the different types of prompts

1 Gestural Prompt

A gestural prompt refers to pointing, nodding or using any other gestures which will help the student understand what we are referring to.
Example: We ask the student, “Can you give me the yellow ball?” and then prompt him by pointing towards the yellow ball.

Pointing to a particular image as a gestural prompt to help the student understand that he is supposed to say what that image is

2 Full Physical Prompt

A full physical prompt is the most intrusive prompt wherein we provide physical contact to guide the student through the entire requested activity.
Example: We may ask a student to write the alphabets from A to Z and then provide hand-on-hand support and direction throughout the whole process.

Full physical prompt used by holding the child’s hand and helping him write

Full physical prompt used by holding the child’s hand and helping him write

3 Partial Physical Prompt

Here, we provide some assistance to guide the learner through part of the requested activity. Partial physical prompt can be gradually faded to just a slight touch on the shoulder or arm.
Example: We can ask a student to draw a square and gently touch or nudge their hand to hold the pencil and then provide a slight support on the elbow while he carries on the rest of the action.

Partial physical prompt used by holding the child’s elbow and prompting him to make straight lines

Partial physical prompt used by holding the child’s elbow and prompting him to make straight lines

4 Full Verbal Prompt

Full verbal prompt involves verbally providing the student with a complete and correct response to the question that we just asked them.
Example: If we ask a student “Who is the king of the jungle?” we can immediately respond by saying “Lion”.

5 Partial Verbal Prompt or phonetic prompt

When a student begins to get familiar with the correct response to a question, we only need to prompt them by verbally giving a part of the response or just the first phoneme/sound. Example: We can ask them “Who is the king of the jungle?” and prompt them by saying /l/ (phonetic sound of ‘L’).

6 Textual or written prompt

This can be provided in the way of a checklist or some other type of written instruction which guides the student through a list of activities or steps to complete a task.
Example: We can make a task schedule that lets the student know about the things he is supposed to do at a given time.

Textual prompt to help students understand the tasks that they have to complete

Textual prompt to help students understand the tasks that they have to complete

7 Visual Prompt

A visual prompt can include a video, photograph or drawing on a medium like paper, a whiteboard, or an electronic device.
Example: We use a visual schedule with pictures that guide the child through the process of snack-time, involving systematic actions like sit, open bag, take out the lunch-box and so on.

8. Auditory prompt

This can include any type of sound the student can hear, like an alarm or timer.
Example: We may tell the student, “Clean up your toys in 5 minutes.” and then prompt him by setting a timer to go off in 5 minutes.

9. Modeling prompt

Modeling prompts refer to an exact demonstration of the desired task in front of the child. Example: While singing a rhyme that involves actions, we can do the entire set of actions and ask the student to do it along with us.

Categories: Special Education

Rahel Dutt

Rahel Dutt

Special Educator PlayStreet

Nikita Thapa

Nikita Thapa

Special Educator PlayStreet

1 Comment

Dr. Muhammad Mushtaq Mangat · August 4, 2018 at 6:59 am

your article helped me a lot in writing a thesis about scaffolding techniques

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